Từ vựng theo chủ đề War and History (Phần 3)

 

 

  • Combatants /ˈkɒmbətənt/ (n): chiến sĩ (a person or group involved in fighting in a war or battle).

Ex: He was involved in the war, but not as a combatant.

  • Assassinate /əˈsæsɪneɪt/ (v): ám sát (to murder an important or famous person, especially for political reasons).

Ex: The prime minister was assassinated by extremists.

  • Coalition /ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃn/ (n): liên minh (a government formed by two or more political parties working together).

Ex: They didn't rule out coalition with the Social Democrats.

  • Treaty /ˈtriːti/ (n): hiệp ước (a formal agreement between two or more countries).

Ex: Under the terms of the treaty, La Rochelle was ceded to the English.

  • Troop /truːp/ (n): lính (soldiers, especially in large groups).

Ex: They announced the withdrawal of 12 000 troops from the area.

  • Autocracy /ɔːˈtɒkrəsi/ (n): chế độc chuyên quyền (a system of government of a country in which one person has complete power).

Ex: If we had to only rely on the government to tell us what it’s doing, we’d be living in an autocracy.

  • Abdicate /ˈæbdɪkeɪt/ (v): thoái vị (to give up the position of being king, queen or emperor).

Ex: He abdicated in favour of his son.

  • Massacre /ˈmæsəkə(r)/ (n): cuộc thảm sát (the killing of a large number of people especially in a cruel way).

Ex: The killing of a large number of people especially in a cruel way.

  • Invasion /ɪnˈveɪʒn/ (n): sự xâm lược (the act of an army entering another country by force in order to take control of it).

Ex: They were planning to mount an invasion of the north of the country.

  • Retreat /rɪˈtriːt/ (v): rút lui (to move away from a place or an enemy because you are in danger or because you have been defeated).

Ex: The army was forced to retreat after suffering heavy losses.

  • Fiat /ˈfiːæt/ (n): sắc lệnh (an official order given by somebody in authority).

Ex: Prices have been fixed by government fiat.

 

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